Category Archives: American Revolution

War Memorial Park, Waterford

War Memorial Park, WaterfordWaterford honors veterans of the nation’s wars with a collection of monuments in two local parks.

Three monuments are featured in a small green in War Memorial Park on Rope Ferry Road (Route 156), near the intersection with Great Neck Road (Route 213).

A bronze plaque on a 1975 monument honors local residents who served in the American Revolution. The plaque bears a dedication reading, “To honor those patriots from the land now Waterford who courageously responded beginning with the Lexington Alarm in the War of Independence, 1775–1783.”

War Memorial Park, WaterfordThe plaque list nearly 80 names of residents who served in the revolution. At the time, Waterford, incorporated as a town in 1801, was part of New London.

To the west of the American Revolution memorial, a monument honors Waterford’s Civil War and Spanish-American War veterans. The monument’s dedication includes similar language to the American Revolution Memorial, praising the courage of residents who served in the conflicts and including the starting and ending dates of the wars.

The Civil War section of the monument includes nearly 110 names, and the Spanish-American War section lists 10 names.

War Memorial Park, WaterfordA memorial flagpole next to the monument includes the emblems of the military branches in its base.

At the western end of the green, a World War I monument was dedicated in 1928. The dedication plaque contains three columns of names, and highlights five residents who died during their World War service.

Veterans Memorial Green

A little more than a half-mile east of War Memorial Park, Waterford’s veterans are further honored with Veterans Memorial Green on the grounds of Town Hall.

War Memorial Park, WaterfordThe green, at the intersection of Route 156 and Boston Post Road (Route 1), was dedicated in 1997. A granite monument bears an inscription reading, “Dedicated to all the men and women who served in the armed services of the United States of America.” In addition to a engraved eagle, the monument also features bronze service emblems.

The plaza surrounding the memorial, dedicated in 2008, has been designated “a path of honor.” The plaza features memorial bricks inscribed with the names of local veterans.

 

 

War Memorial Park, Waterford

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

War Memorial Park, Waterford

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Veterans Memorial Green, Waterford

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Veterans Memorial Green, Waterford

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Veterans Memorial Green, Waterford

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Veterans Memorial Green, Waterford

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nathan Hale Monument, Coventry

Nathan Hale Monument, CoventryNathan Hale is honored in his hometown of Coventry with a large monument in a cemetery that also bears his name.

The 1846 monument, near the entrance to Nathan Hale Cemetery on Lake Street, is a 45-foot-tall granite obelisk with Egyptian-themed decorative elements.

A dedication on the monument’s east face reads, “Captain Nathan Hale, 1776.” The north face has an inscription reading, “Born at Coventry, June 6, 1755.”

The west face displays the famous quotation cited as Hale’s final words: “I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.”

Nathan Hale Monument, CoventryThe south face reads, “Died at New York, Sept. 22, 1776.”

The monument was designed by New Haven architect Henry Austin. At the time of its dedication, some criticized the monument for being large and immodest.

Fundraising for the monument began in 1837, and the monument was dedicated in 1846. The monument was restored in 1890s, and in 1923, the monument was transferred to the State of Connecticut.

A wayside marker near the monument provides information about Hale’s life and the cemetery.

Nathan Hale Monument, CoventryHale, a Coventry native and Yale graduate, taught in East Haddam and New London before volunteering to serve as a spy in New York in 1776. Hale was captured and hanged by the British, and his body was buried in an unrecorded location.

Hale, designated as Connecticut’s official hero in 1985, is honored with statues in New London’s Williams Park, the Yale campus, the state capitol, New Haven’s Fort Nathan Hale, and with a bust in East Haddam. His Coventry home is maintained as a museum.

The town of Coventry plans to dedicate a statue of Hale next year as part of celebrations commemorating the 300th anniversary of the town’s founding.

 

 

 

 

Nathan Hale Monument, Coventry

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nathan Hale Monument, Coventry

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nathan Hale Monument, Coventry

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

War Memorials, Ellington

War Memorials, EllingtonEllington honors its veterans and war heroes with a pair of monuments on the town green.

Veterans of World War I and earlier conflicts are honored with a granite monument, dedicated in 1926, near the intersection of Maple Street (Route 140) and Main Street (Route 286).

A bronze marker on the monument’s east face bears the inscription, “Ellington Remembers,” and includes seals of Connecticut, the United States and the town.

The plaque’s east face lists residents who served in the American Revolution and World War I, and highlights three residents who died during their World War I service.

The west face of the monument also bears the seals seen on the east face. A bronze plaque lists Ellington residents who served in Colonial era wars in 1675 and 1763, the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War in 1846, the Civil War (referred to as the “War of the Rebellion”), and the Spanish-American War.

War Memorials, EllingtonThe Civil War section includes the names of nearly 150 residents who served.

Immediately to the west of the memorial, a monument honors Ellington’s veterans of later wars. An inscription on the monument’s east face reads, “In memory of those who served their country. World War II, Korea, Vietnam, Grenada, Lebenon [sic], Panama, Desert Storm, Desert Shield.”

Further west on the green, a symbolic Liberty Pole was erected in 1975. Liberty Poles were used before the American Revolution as gathering spots and to invite people to take part in discussions or protests. In many communities, patriots would display a banner on a pole to summon residents.

A small granite marker near the Liberty Pole marks the location of Ellington’s first meetinghouse, which was built in 1739.

War Memorials, Ellington

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

War Memorials, Ellington

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

War Memorials, Ellington

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

War Memorials, Ellington

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liberty Pole, Ellington

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liberty Pole, Ellington

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liberty Pole, Ellington

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liberty Pole, Ellington

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Woolsey Hall, New Haven

Woolsey Hall, New HavenYale honors students and graduates killed in the country’s wars with memorials in the lobby of Woolsey Hall.

Woolsey Hall’s lobby walls feature large marble slabs, arranged by war, inscribed with the names, military and Yale affiliations, and date and place of death.

The Civil War memorial, flanking the corridor between the hall’s rotunda and its west entrance, was dedicated in 1915. Reflecting the spirit of reconciliation common at the time of dedication, the memorial blends Yale graduates and students who died while serving the Union and Confederate forces.

Woolsey Hall, New HavenThe floor between the memorial plaques has an inset dedication reading, “To the men of Yale who gave their lives in the Civil War. The university has dedicated this memorial that their high devotion may live in all her son and that the bonds which now unite the land may endure. MCMXV (1915).”

Below the dedication, which is becoming hard to read after years of foot traffic, is evidence of an earlier inscription.

The Civil War tablets list 113 killed defending the Union, and 54 killed serving the Confederate states.

The north wall features allegorical figures representing peace and devotion. Peace is depicted as a woman holding a child and an olive branch, and an inscription above her head reads, “Peace crowns their act of sacrifice.” Devotion is pictured as a toga-draped flag-bearer. An inscription reads, “Devotion gives a sanctity to strife.”

Woolsey Hall, New HavenThe south wall features allegorical depictions of Memory and Courage. Memory is depicted as a woman holding an hourglass, and an inscription reads, “Memory here guards their ennobled names.” Courage is pictured as a classical warrior, and his inscription reads, “Courage disdains fame and wins it.”

Among the students and graduates honored is Uriah Nelson Parmelee, a Guilford native who left Yale as a junior. He served with a New York regiment and was named a captain in the 1st Connecticut Cavalry before he was killed April 1, 1865, at the Battle of Five Forks in Virginia. Parmelee was killed less than two weeks before Lee’s surrender at Appomattox.

The memorial also honors Francis Stebbins Bartow, a law school graduate and Georgia native. A fervent secessionist, Bartow organized an infantry company and was killed during the first Battle of Bull Run/Manassas in 1861. Bartow was the first brigade commander killed in the war.

Woolsey Hall, New Haven

The memorial was created by sculptor Henry Hering, whose other notable works include the World War plaza and memorial at the American Legion’s headquarters in Indianapolis.

Veterans of other wars are honored with similar tablets along the lobby’s interior hallway. In 1920, for instance, the university added eight tablets honoring 225 graduates and students killed during World War I.

The west lobby also contains plaques honoring graduates killed while serving as missionaries, including several who died during the Boxer Rebellion in China.

Woolsey Hall, at the corner of Grove and College streets, was dedicated in 1901 as part of the celebration of Yale’s bicentennial. The building is also known as Memorial Hall.

Woolsey Hall, New Haven

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Woolsey Hall, New Haven

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Woolsey Hall, New Haven

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Woolsey Hall, New Haven

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Woolsey Hall, New Haven

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Memorial Boulevard, Bristol (Part 2)

Civil War Monument, Memorial Boulevard, BristolToday we continue our look at the monuments along Bristol’s Memorial Boulevard.

The newest Memorial Boulevard monument was dedicated in 2011 to honor Bristol’s Civil War veterans. Bristol dedicated a brownstone Civil War monument in 1866 in the city’s West Cemetery (one of the earliest in the state), and added a the Memorial Boulevard monument this year because the 54 names on the original monument have become difficult to read with the passage of time.

The 2011 pink granite monument, next to the city’s monument honoring its World War II and Korea heroes, features a large engraved eagle and crossed cannons. A bronze plaque on the monument’s north face lists Bristol residents lost in the Civil War, and describes the history of the West Cemetery memorial.

Civil War Monument, Memorial Boulevard, BristolThe base of the monument honors the battles of Fredericksburg, Antietam and Plymouth.

The north side of Memorial Boulevard also includes a monument dedicated to residents who fought during Operation Desert Storm. A boulder has a plaque on its south face with an August 7, 1994 dedication date. The plaque recognizes “the men and women from Bristol and Forestville (a section of Bristol) who served their country with pride during the Persian Gulf War, Operation Desert Storm.”

Not far from the Desert Storm memorial, a monument honors Bristol residents who have served in the Connecticut militia and National Guard. The granite monument is topped with a plaque reading, “in honor of Bristol citizen soldiers who, through service with militia units in the National Guard, have defended and preserved our community, state and nation in our wars and emergencies since Colonial times.”

Near the western end of Memorial Boulevard, a monument honors Bristol’s veterans. A plaque mounted on a granite boulder reads, “in honor and tribute for all veterans past, present and future. Let us visit here for gratitude and remembrance.”

Civil War Monument, Memorial Boulevard, BristolNear the veterans memorial, a copy of the Hiker statue honors Bristol’s World War II heroes. Bristol’s original Hiker statue was dedicated in 1929 to honor the city’s Spanish-American War veterans, and the Memorial Boulevard version was dedicated in 1983.

Bristol’s Memorial Boulevard was dedicated in 1921 to honor the city’s World War I veterans. Over the years, the collection of monuments has grown to honor the service of Bristol’s veterans as well as the sacrifice of its war heroes.

Bristol industrialist Albert F. Rockwell donated land in 1919 for Memorial Boulevard and a nearby high school that is used today as a middle school. Rockwell owned successful ventures in coaster brakes for bicycles, automotive ball bearings and, during World War I, Marlin-Rockwell machine guns.

Desert Storm Monument, Bristol

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Desert Storm Monument, Bristol

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Militia and National Guard Monument, Bristol

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Militia and National Guard Monument, Bristol

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

World War II Monument, Bristol

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Veterans' Memorial, Bristol

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wayside Cross, New Canaan

Wayside Cross, New CanaanNew Canaan honors its war heroes with a large Celtic cross on an historic green.

The Wayside Cross, at the intersection of Main and Park streets, stands on a corner of the triangular green, surrounded by three churches, known as “God’s Acre.”

The Wayside Cross, dedicated in 1923, features allegorical scenes representing the American Revolution, War of 1812, Civil War, Spanish-American War and World War I.

A dedication on the front (east) face of the monument’s face reads, “Dedicated to the glory of Almighty God in memory of the New Canaan men and women who, by their unselfish patriotism, have advanced the American ideals of liberty and the brotherhood of man.”

Wayside Cross, New CanaanThe other sides of the monument’s base are inscribed with “service,” “sacrifice” and “loyalty.”

A 1981 plaque mounted in front of the monument’s base lists 36 honored dead from World War II and six residents who died in Vietnam.

 

 

 

 

Wayside Cross, New Canaan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wayside Cross, New Canaan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wayside Cross, New Canaan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wayside Cross, New Canaan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Colonel William Ledyard Monument, Groton

The grave of American Revolution hero Col. William Ledyard is marked with a granite obelisk in the Groton cemetery that bears his name.

The monument honoring Ledyard was erected in 1854 next to the original slate gravestone, which had been damaged by souvenir hunters following the colonel’s death during the 1781 Battle of Groton Heights at nearby Fort Griswold.

The monument’s front (west) face bears Ledyard’s name and a sword, symbolizing Ledyard being killed with his own sword after handing over to a British officer while surrendering the fort.

A dedication on the monument’s west face reads, “Sons of Connecticut, behold this Monument and learn to emulate the virtue, valor and patriotism of your ancestors.”

The monument’s south face has an inscription reading, “Erected in 1854 by the State of Connecticut in remembrance of the painful events that took place in the neighborhood during the War of the Revolution. It commemorates the Burning of New London, the storming of Groton Fort, the massacre of the Garrison and the slaughter of Ledyard, the brave commander of these posts who was slain by the Conquerors with his own sword. He fell in the service of his country, fearless of death and prepared to die.”

The monument’s north face, now difficult to read, is inscribed with the text of Ledyard’s original headstone. After the dedication of the 1854 monument, that stone was enclosed in a granite marker with a window and placed on the east side of the plot.

Cannons can be seen on the four corners of the monument, as well as in the posts of the iron fence surrounding the Ledyard plot.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fort Griswold and Battle Monument, Groton

Local residents killed and wounded during the American Revolution’s Battle of Groton Heights are honored with a large granite obelisk near the site of Fort  Griswold.

The Groton Battle Monument, dedicated in 1830, honors the more than 80 men killed defending the fort during a British raid on September 6, 1781.

A dedication above the entrance on the west side of the monument reads, “The monument was erected under the patronage of the State of Connecticut, A.D. 1830, and in the 55th year of the independence of the U.S.A., in memory of the brave patriots who fell in the massacre at Fort Griswold, near this spot, on the 6th of Sept. A.D. 1781, when the British, under the command of the traitor, Benedict Arnold, burnt the towns of New London and Groton, and spread desolation and woe throughout this region.”

The dedication plaque inside the monument’s entranceway list the names of American defenders killed during the battle. The marker was originally part of the monument’s south face, facing the fort, but was moved to protect it from the elements.

A large cannon near the monument’s west face was captured from a Spanish warship during the Spanish-American war.

A small museum next to the monument, closed during our visit, has displays about the history of the monument and the battle.

An undated monument erected by the city of Groton honors all local war veterans.

Fort Griswold

Across the street from the monument, the site of the former Fort Griswold has been turned into a state park. A memorial gateway, dedicated during the park’s opening on September 6, 1911 (the 130th anniversary of the battle), lists the 165 men who attempted to defend the fort against approximately 800 British troops during the battle.

In the fort’s central courtyard, a small stone monument marks the spot where Col. William Ledyard was killed as he attempted to surrender the fort. After Ledyard was killed, British troops reportedly began massacring the Americans, with many wounded troops further being stabbed or shot before British officers stopped the fighting. (Ledyard is honored with a monument in a nearby cemetery that bears his name.)

A monument near the south end of the courtyard indicates where British Maj. William Montgomery was killed leading a bayonet assault against the fort.

During the battle, British troops guided by Norwich native and traitor Benedict Arnold invaded New London harbor. The city had served as an important supply base, and privateers operating out of New London had captured a number of British merchant ships.

More than 140 homes and buildings in downtown London were burned by the British invaded invaders, as were 19 homes on the Groton side of the harbor.

Next to the Groton Battle Monument, a 1916 monument honors Groton’s Civil War veterans.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Israel Putnam Monument, Hartford

American Revolution General Israel Putnam is honored with a statue in Hartford’s Bushnell Park.

The Putnam statue, practically in the shadow of the state capitol building, was dedicated in 1874. The general is depicted, in uniform, cradling a sword in his left hand. Putnam is holding a three-cornered hat in his right hand.

The monument’s granite base bears a simple inscription on its front (east) side reading, “Israel Putnam.”

Putnam, a native of Danvers, Mass., led Connecticut troops during the Battle of Bunker Hill and may have issued the famous “Don’t fire until you see the whites of their eyes,” command.

The west side of the base reflects the posthumous donation of the statue by Joseph Pratt Allyn, a Hartford native and a justice on the Supreme Court of the Arizona territory. Ally, who used the pen name “Putnam” when commenting on political events in letters to a Hartford newspaper, left money for the memorial.

The monument was created by sculptor John Quincy Adams Ward, whose other works include the 7th Regiment Monument in New York’s Central Park.

Not far from the Bushnell Park monument, Putnam’s original headstone has been placed in a case in the Hall of Flags at the Capitol building’s west entrance.

After his death in 1790, Putnam was placed in an aboveground tomb in Brooklyn. Over the years, souvenir hunters damaged the headstone, and the gravesite was deemed unsuitable for Putnam.

Putnam was moved to a new sarcophagus and monument on Canterbury Road (Route 169) in  Brooklyn, and the original headstone was placed on display in the Capitol.

Putnam is also honored with memorials at Putnam Park in Redding and a Greenwich hill where he escaped from pursuing British forces.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

War Memorial, Eastford

Eastford honors its war veterans with a monument on the green in front of its public library.

The monument, a granite block with bronze plaques, stands at the intersections of Eastford Road (Route 198) with Westford and Old Colony roads.

The monument’s south face features a bronze Honor Roll plaque listing about 63 names of World War II veterans. The monument indicates the three Eastford residents killed in the war.

On the monument’s north face, the upper plaque reads, “In memory of Eastford men who served: Six or more in the American Revolution, two in the War of 1812, two in the Mexican War, one in the Spanish-American War and Gen. Nathaniel Lyon and those 89 comrades of the Civil War. Let those who shall come after see that these men shall not be forgotten.”

The lower Honor  Roll plaque lists 19 residents who served in World War I.

The monument is undated, but the “World War” reference probably indicates it was originally dedicated in the 1920s or 30s.

Gen. Nathaniel Lyon, the first Union general killed in the Civil War, is buried in Eastford’s General Lyon Cemetery.