Soldiers’ Monument, Granby

The first Civil War monument in Connecticut to display a figure stands on the green in Granby.

The brownstone Granby Soldiers’ Monument, dedicated in 1868, features contemplative bearded soldier holding a rifle while his overcoat is draped over his shoulders.

A dedication on the front (south) face reads, “This monument is erected by voluntary contributions in commemoration of the brave men from the town of Granby who laid down their lives for the Union in the War of the Great Rebellion. Erected July 4, 1868.”

The south face also lists the names of eight residents or natives killed in the war, and honors men who were held at the Confederate prisoner of war camp in Andersonville, Georgia.

An inscription on the south side of the monument’s base reads, “They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more.”

The east face lists 12 names, the battle of Petersburg, Virginia, and bears an inscription reading, “Faithful unto death.”

The north face lists seven names, including three affiliated with Massachusetts regiments, and honors the Battle of Cold Harbor, Va. The base is inscribed, “Death is swallowed up in victory.”

The west face lists eight names, honors the Battle of Antietam by listing Sharpsburg (Maryland), the town where it was fought.

In front of the monument, a bronze plaque describes a 2002 restoration of the monument and lists eight additional names of Granby residents lost in the war.

Just south and east of the Civil War monument, a 1985 obelisk honors Granby’s World War II (11 residents lost), Korea and Vietnam (7 lost) veterans.

The 1868 dedication data for the Civil War monument makes it among the first in the state, and it is the first Civil War monument in Connecticut to feature a figure. Earlier Civil War monuments in Kensington, Northfield, North Branford, Cheshire and other locations were obelisks.

The monument was supplied by James Batterson, a Hartford entrepreneur and monument dealer who provided many of the state’s Civil War memorials. On the Granby monument, Batterson listed himself as the sculptor, even though the actual carving was performed by staff sculptor Charles Conrads.

Batterson’s firm also provided a nearly identical 1867 monument in Deerfield, Mass.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Veterans’ Memorial, Farmington

The Veterans’ Memorial in Farmington provides an unusually comprehensive tribute to local residents who participated in wars and skirmishes.

The 1992 monument, in front of Town Hall and near the intersection of Farmington Avenue (Route 4) and Monteith Drive, features five granite columns inscribed with the names of residents who died while serving the nation.

The monument’s front (northwest) face bears the simple inscription “Duty, Honor, Country” and five service branch emblems.

The monument’s columns also list military conflicts starting with early battles including the English settlers’ fights with the Pequots in the 1630s, the French and Indian Wars and the 1712 Defense of Litchfield.

More recent conflicts listed on the monuments include peacekeeping in Lebanon (1982-4), the Grenada invasion in 1983 and Operation Desert Storm in 1990-91).

Looking at major conflicts more typically cited on municipal war memorials, the Farmington monument lists the names of 11 residents killed or wounded in the American Revolution; 63 in the Civil War; eight in World War I; 18 in World War II; and five in Vietnam.

The monument’s southeast face repeats the service emblems, but is otherwise unlettered.

A tree in front of the Veterans’ Memorial is a descendent of Hartford’s Charter Oak.

Farmington’s Civil War, World War I, World War II and Vietnam heroes are also honored with monuments in the town’s Riverside Cemetery.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Veterans’ Memorial, New Fairfield

New Fairfield honors veterans of all wars with a monument on the town green.

The New Fairfield Veterans’ Memorial, located on Pembroke Road (Route 37) just north of the intersection with Brush Hill Road (Route 39), was dedicated on September 20, 1997.

The monument features two granite tablets, a flagpole and a dozen markers listing the country’s major wars.

The east tablet bears a dedication reading, “To those who fought and served to preserve our freedom, this plaque is dedicated to your brave and courageous acts.”

The west tablet honors New Fairfield residents who died fighting in wars starting with two militia members killed during the French and Indian War.

Nine residents are listed for the Civil War; one for World War I; three for World War II; two for Korea; and three for Vietnam.

The green also features a ship’s anchor and a number of benches inscribed with the United States seal.


Liberty Green, Niantic

Niantic honors veterans of the 20th Century’s wars with two monuments on Liberty Green.

Liberty Green, in the Niantic section of East Lyme, features a World War I Honor Roll as well as an undated memorial honoring veterans lost in World War II, Korea and Vietnam.

The World War Honor Roll bears a dedication reading, “Erected in honor of those who answered their country’s call to serve for God and humanity in the, World War 1917 – 1918, by the citizens of the Town of East Lyme, Conn.”

The Honor Roll lists the names of 114 local veterans, and highlights three who were killed in the conflict.

Next to the World War Honor Roll, a memorial constructed from granite blocks features bronze plaques honoring veterans and heroes of World War II, Korea and Vietnam.

The World War II plaque features the dedication, “A lasting tribute to these men we loved and lost,” and lists 10 names.

The plaque also honors “all our veterans who so bravely fought when our nation was in need.”

The Korea plaque honors one resident who was killed in the conflict.

The Vietnam plaque honors two residents who were killed, and bears a dedication that includes “God bless these men who could give no more.”

Liberty Green, at the intersection of Main Street (Route 156) and Pennsylvania Avenue (Route 161), resulted from a private donation of land in 1918 to create a memorial to the town’s World War veterans.

Columbia Honor Roll, Deep River

Deep River honors veterans of World War II, Korea and Vietnam with honor rolls in a park.

Veterans Memorial Green, at the intersection of Main Street (Route 154) and Essex Street, features an allegorical figure representing the United States and an honor roll listing Deep River residents who served in World War II.

Panels added in 1990 honor residents who served in Korea and Vietnam.

White bricks in the plaza in front of the memorial honor the 14 residents killed in World War II and one lost in Vietnam.

A sign near the memorial explains the Columbia honor roll was created by C.D. Batchelor, an editorial cartoonist and painter who won a Pulitzer Prize in 1937. Batchelor, a Deep River resident, worked at the New York Daily News for many years.

The honor roll, dedicated in 1943, originally stood in front of Deep River’s Public Library. The memorial was moved to its present location in 1969.

The park was renovated in 1994 and renamed Veterans Memorial Green.

Deep River’s World War I monument also stands on the green. The memorial, a boulder topped by a bronze eagle, was dedicated in 1923.

War Memorials, Colchester

Colchester remembers veterans of the 20th Century wars with three memorials at the northern end of the town green.

Memorials near the intersection of Lebanon Avenue (Route 16) with Hayward Avenue and Broadway (Route 85) honor veterans of the two World Wars, Korea and Vietnam.

Colchester’s World War monument features a bronze eagle atop a rough granite block. A dedication plaque on the monument’s southeast face bears the simple message “Colchester remembers” along with “World War” and 1917-1918.

Under the dedication, the plaque lists two columns of names of World War I veterans, and honors four who were list in the conflict.

The monument also features the U.S., Connecticut and Colchester seals.

Next to the World War memorial, a 1952 granite monument honors veterans of World War II and Korea. The monument’s southeast face bears a dedication reading:

“This memorial was erected in honor of those men and women of Colchester who served their country in time of need. They sought not personal glory, but the preservation of liberty and freedom.

“They fought against aggression, Communism, and the enslavement of people so that a government of the people, for the people and by the people shall not perish.”

Panels on the monument’s southeast face honor 11 Colchester residents killed in World War II.

Honor roll panels on the monument’s northwest face honor residents who served in World War II and Korea.

A little further north on the green, Colchester honors its Vietnam veterans with a black and gray striped granite memorial that was dedicated in 1983.

The monument lists five residents who were killed in the conflict, and bears a dedication asking us to “remember these men of Colchester whose lives were sacrificed  in Vietnam 1964-1975.”

Also near the monuments, a flagpole dedicated in 1998 by the local VFW post honors Colchester’s veterans.

War Memorials, Lebanon

Lebanon honors its war veterans with several monuments on the green near the intersection of Exeter Road (Route 207) and Norwich-Hartford Turnpike (Route 87).

Near the northern end of the green, in front of Town Hall, is a 1922 monument honoring veterans of five wars between the American Revolution and the First World War.

The monument features a stone cairn, serving as a flagpole base, with bronze plaques on the cairn’s four sides honoring local veterans.

The north face of the monument features a plaque with a scene depicting soldiers from the American Revolution, Civil War and World War I marching together under an American flag.

The west face of the monument bears a plaque honoring those who served during the “Period of the World War” (the reference to war “periods” is uncommon among the state’s war memorials).

The plaque reads, “In commemoration of the boys who served in the World War. Not unmindful of their heritage, the mantle of their forefathers fell upon patriotic shoulders. They acquitted themselves with honor and loyalty, cheerfully accepting the sacrifices placed upon them in performance of their duty on land and sea. With no selfish end, they served that the principle of right might be established throughout the world.”

The south face of the monument bears a plaque that, along with the years of the Civil War, includes a dedication “…to the memory of our Civil War veterans, who so promptly and willingly responded to the nation’s call, serving in eleven different regiments and participating in over a hundred different battles; and to our illustrious and renowned second war governor, William Buckingham, who was born and spent his early life in Lebanon. He performed efficient service in the nation’s peril, and was a worthy successor of Connecticut’s first war governor.”

The lower section of the south plaque also commemorates veterans of the 1898 Spanish-American War with a dedication reading, “In honor of those who served in the Spanish War, assisting an oppressed people to achieve their independence.”

The east face honors Lebanon’s many contributions to the American Revolution as well as the War of 1812. The dedication in the American Revolution section reads, “In memoriam to our fathers who fought for justice and liberty.

“When the war broke out, this town contributed the one loyal governor, brother Jonathan Trumbull, who among all the governors of the thirteen colonies, was the only one who stood staunch and true to the American cause. Washington relied on him in the most trying circumstances.

“William Williams, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, was born in Lebanon, the home of the Council of Safety.

“We take a just pride in the noble achievements of our men who served in the Revolution. They were eminently God-fearing and true patriots.”

The east face also has a dedication honoring veterans of the War of 1812: “Revered is the memory of those who participated in the War of 1812, who with honor and loyalty fulfilled the trust dedicated to them by their forefathers.”

The plaques were designed by sculptor Bruce Wilder Saville, whose other works included war memorials in Massachusetts, New York and Ohio. The monument was built by a local mason.

Nearby Monuments

An undated memorial near the northeast corner of the green honors Lebanon’s veterans of the two World Wars. The World War I section lists 40 names and honors one resident who was killed. The World War II section lists about 135 names and honors seven who were killed.

A 2002 memorial near the northwest corner of the green honors veterans of recent conflicts including Korea, Vietnam, Lebanon, Granada, Panama, Persian Gulf, Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia and Afghanistan.

War Memorial, Chester

Chester honors veterans of the conflicts after World War I with monuments in a small park at the intersection of Middlesex Turnpike (Route 154) and Railroad Avenue.

Chester’s World War I monument, dedicated in 1939, features a granite doughboy figure atop a monument listing local veterans. A central panel bears a dedication reading, “In honor of the men of Chester who served in the World War 1917-1918.”

The central panel lists two columns of names, and highlights three residents killed in the conflict. The list of names is flanked by representations of a nurse and a sailor.

A granite monument dedicated in 2004 honors Chester residents who served in World War II, Korea, Vietnam and the post-Vietnam conflicts.

Starting at the left side of the monument, more than four columns of World War II veterans are listed along with veterans of the more recent wars. Collectively, the monument’s panels have just under 400 names.

The central panel bears a dedication reading, “There was a time when the world asked ordinary people to do extraordinary things. To the men and women of Chester who served our country.”

The central panel also features five service emblems and representations of two soldiers.

The monument is topped with an eagle and globe that were added in June of 2010.

Between the two monuments, a granite marker at the foot of a flagpole lists 10 residents killed in World War II and further honors the service of Chester’s Korea veterans.

The World War I monument was donated by Chester native Carlton J. Bates, the founder of the C.J. Bates Co. The Bates company, which had factories in Chester and New Haven, manufactured manicure sets, crochet hooks and knitting needles.

Veterans’ Memorial, Suffield

Suffield honors its veterans with a five-sided granite monument incorporating plaques from an earlier memorial.

The 2003 monument in Veterans’ Park, near the intersection of Main Street (Route 75) and Bridge Street, honors Suffield veterans from wars ranging from the French and Indian Wars through the conflicts in the Persian Gulf.

The monument, topped by a large bronze eagle facing east, features a dedication reading, “In honor of the men and women of Suffield who served in our armed forces in the time of war.”

The monument also features two bronze Honor Roll plaques that appear to have been part of a 1920 memorial honoring veterans of earlier wars.

The plaques list veterans of the French and Indian War, American Revolution, War of 1918, Mexican War, Civil War Spanish-American War, and World War I.

The granite sections honor veterans of World War II, Korean, Vietnam, and the Persian Gulf.

A plaque on a nearby boulder explains that Veterans’ Park was dedicated in 1983 to honor Suffield residents who served in Vietnam.

Soldiers’ Monument, Barkhamsted

Barkhamsted honors its Civil War veterans with a granite obelisk that also commemorates the service of residents in later wars.

The Soldier’s Monument, located near the intersection of Pleasant Valley Road (Route 318) and Beach Rock Road, was first dedicated in 1897 to honor veterans of the American Revolution, War of 1812, Mexican War and the Civil War.

In recent years, bronze plaques attached to the monument’s base honor veterans of the Spanish-American War, the two World Wars, Korea and Vietnam.

A dedication on the monument’s front (north) face reads, “The tribute of the people of Barkhamsted to the memory of her sons and daughters who fought to establish, defend and preserve the nation, erected 1897.”

The north face also bears a decorative trophy with two crossed rifles in front of a wreath, and a plaque attached to the north base honors veterans of World War II and Korea.

The west face has a plaque honoring Barkhamsted’s American Revolution veterans, and the base honors Korea and Vietnam veterans.

The south face commemorates residents who served in the Wars of 1812 and Mexico, and the base has a plaque (probably from 1939) listing names omitted from the 1897 plaques.

The east face honors veterans of the Civil War, called the War of the Rebellion. The base honors Spanish-American War veterans as well as residents who served in World War I.

The monument was donated by Walter S. Carter, a Barkhamsted native who headed a New York law firm. Carter had previously practiced in Milwaukee and Chicago, where his firm was destroyed in the fire of 1871.

In addition to the monument, Carter donated land and money to establish a cemetery in Barkhamsted.

The monument, like many of the graves in Center Cemetery to the south of the monument, was originally in the Barkhamsted Hollow section of town. The hollow was flooded in the 1930s when Saville Dam was built to create Barkhamsted Reservoir, which contributes to Hartford’s water supply.

Two Barkhamsted cemeteries and the monument were relocated in 1939 and Center Cemetery was established. A section at the southern end of the cemetery honors residents whose remains could not be identified when they were moved.

To the east of the Soldiers’ Monument, the bell from the former Hollow Church has been mounted on large granite blocks that originally formed part of the Saville Dam spillway.

More details about the flooding of Barkhamsted Hollow are available in an article from CT Explored magazine.