Wayside Cross, New Canaan

Wayside Cross, New CanaanNew Canaan honors its war heroes with a large Celtic cross on an historic green.

The Wayside Cross, at the intersection of Main and Park streets, stands on a corner of the triangular green, surrounded by three churches, known as “God’s Acre.”

The Wayside Cross, dedicated in 1923, features allegorical scenes representing the American Revolution, War of 1812, Civil War, Spanish-American War and World War I.

A dedication on the front (east) face of the monument’s face reads, “Dedicated to the glory of Almighty God in memory of the New Canaan men and women who, by their unselfish patriotism, have advanced the American ideals of liberty and the brotherhood of man.”

Wayside Cross, New CanaanThe other sides of the monument’s base are inscribed with “service,” “sacrifice” and “loyalty.”

A 1981 plaque mounted in front of the monument’s base lists 36 honored dead from World War II and six residents who died in Vietnam.





Wayside Cross, New Canaan








Wayside Cross, New Canaan








Wayside Cross, New Canaan








Wayside Cross, New Canaan










Andersonville Boy Memorial, Hartford

Connecticut honors Civil War veterans held in Confederate prisoner of war camps with a statue on the grounds of the state capitol.

The “Andersonville Boy” statue, dedicated in 1907, honors the state’s Civil War POWs. A dedication on the monument’s east face reads, “In memory of the men of Connecticut who suffered in Southern military prisons, 1861-1865.”

The monument depicts a young soldier wearing a simple frock coat and holding a hat in his left hand.

The monument was created by sculptor Bela Pratt, whose other works include a notable statue of Nathan Hale on the Yale campus in New Haven.

The Hartford statue is a copy of a monument dedicated at the same time at the site of the Andersonville prison camp in Georgia. During the war, nearly 13,000 of the 45,000 Union prisoners held at the camp died from disease and malnutrition. The camp was known for overcrowding and poor sanitary conditions.

The illustrations depicting the prison camp are from the Library of Congress.

A monument in Norwich’s Yantic Cemetery honors Civil War veterans from the city who died at Andersonville.

Next to the Andersonville Boy monument is a statue honoring Clarence Ransom Edwards, an Ohio native who commanded a World War I division comprised of National Guard troops from New England states. The Edwards memorial, dedicated in 1942, was created by sculptor George H. Snowden.




































Veterans’ Memorial Green, Westport

Veterans’ Memorial Green, WestportWestport honors the veterans of the 20th Century Wars with a collection of monuments on a downtown green.

Veteran’s Memorial Green, between Main Street and Myrtle Avenue, includes monuments honoring the service of local residents in the two World wars, Korea and Vietnam.

The World War I monument features a bronze Doughboy atop a granite base. A bronze shield on the south face reads, “Dedicated to the citizens of Westport who served in the World War. Erected Nov. 11, 1930.”

Veterans’ Memorial Green, WestportPlaques on the west and east sides of the monument’s base list Westport residents who served in the conflict, with the west plaque honoring seven residents who were killed, and the east plaque honoring seven who served as nurses.

The Doughboy atop the monument was created by sculptor J. Clinton Shepherd, whose other works include a wide range of Western-themed sculptures.

The monument was located on Old Post Road until it was moved to the green in 1987.

Immediately next to the World War I monument, a monument honors the service of Westport’s World War II heroes. A plaque mounted on a rough boulder bears the dedication, “They honored us more than we can ever honor them,” and lists about 42 residents who died during World War II service.

The monument is flanked by smaller markers honoring Westport’s Korea and Vietnam war veterans. The Vietnam plaque lists five residents killed in the conflict.

To your left (as you face the monuments), an Honor Roll monument dedicated in 1998 recognizes  Westport’s World War II veterans. Five large plaques, each with three rows of names in small print, list local residents who served in the war.


















Veterans’ Memorial Green, Westport











Veterans’ Memorial Green, Westport








Veterans’ Memorial Green, Westport








Veterans’ Memorial Green, Westport








Veterans’ Memorial Green, Westport








Veterans’ Memorial Green, Westport








Veterans’ Memorial Green, Westport










307th Infantry Memorial Grove, New York

New York honors a World War I infantry regiment with a memorial grove in Central Park.

The 307th Infantry Memorial Grove, not far from the park’s band shell and the 7th Regiment Civil War monument, honors regimental members killed in the war.

A boulder near the center of the grove is inscribed on its south face with a dedication reading, “To the dead of the 307th Infantry A.E.F., 590 officers and men, 1917-1919

The monument’s north face displays a plaque listing more than 560 names as well as battles in which the regiment fought. The plaque is a replacement for the original.

The grove, dedicated in 1925, also has a number of trees with markers near their bases that list members of specific companies. Not every marker has a tree, perhaps reflecting the difficulty of maintaining a memorial grove more than 85 years after its dedication.

The A.E.F. on the boulder’s inscription refers to the American Expeditionary Forces, U.S. troops who fought with British and French troops against the German military. One of the 307th’s major campaigns was the Meuse-Argonne offensive along the Western Front in 1918.

The grove also has an undated granite marker honoring members of the fraternal organization Knights of Pythias killed in the First World War.




































107th Regiment Monument, New York, NY

The World War I service of New York’s 107th infantry regiment is honored with a large bronze sculpture in Central Park.

The 107th Regiment Monument, dedicated in 1927, features seven soldiers, in a variety of poses, on a large granite base. Three soldiers in the middle are charging, the soldier on the far right (as you face the monument) is preparing to throw hand grenades, and the second soldier from the left is supporting a badly wounded comrade.

The east face of the monument’s base bears an inscription reading, “Seventh Regiment New York, One Hundred and Seventh United States Infantry, in memoriam, 1917-1918.”

The “Seventh Regiment” description on the base refers to the unit’s designation while it served in the New York National Guard. The unit, which traces its roots to 1806, was combined with other regiments and designated as the 107th during World War I.

As active fighting began, the regiment had nearly 3,000 officers and men. During the war, the unit suffered 1,918 casualties (1,383 wounded, 437 killed and 98 who later died from wounds).

The unit’s Civil War service is honored with a monument on the west side of Central Park.

The monument was designed by sculptor Karl Morningstar Illava, who had served as a sergeant in the unit during World War I.

The monument stands along the Fifth Avenue edge of the park at East 67th Street.


























War Memorial, Eastford

Eastford honors its war veterans with a monument on the green in front of its public library.

The monument, a granite block with bronze plaques, stands at the intersections of Eastford Road (Route 198) with Westford and Old Colony roads.

The monument’s south face features a bronze Honor Roll plaque listing about 63 names of World War II veterans. The monument indicates the three Eastford residents killed in the war.

On the monument’s north face, the upper plaque reads, “In memory of Eastford men who served: Six or more in the American Revolution, two in the War of 1812, two in the Mexican War, one in the Spanish-American War and Gen. Nathaniel Lyon and those 89 comrades of the Civil War. Let those who shall come after see that these men shall not be forgotten.”

The lower Honor  Roll plaque lists 19 residents who served in World War I.

The monument is undated, but the “World War” reference probably indicates it was originally dedicated in the 1920s or 30s.

Gen. Nathaniel Lyon, the first Union general killed in the Civil War, is buried in Eastford’s General Lyon Cemetery.



























War Memorial, Windsor

Windsor honors its war veterans with a large sculpted eagle on the town green.

The Windsor War Memorial, dedicated in 1929, was created by noted sculptor and Windsor resident Evelyn Beatrice Longman.

The monument features a five-foot bronze eagle atop a stone cairn. The monument’s front (west) face includes a bronze wreath and a dedication “To the patriots of Windsor.”

The monument stands at the southern end of the town green on Broad Street (Route 159).

Scupltor Evelyn Beatrice Longman also created the Spirit of Victory monument in Hartford’s Bushnell Park (which honors Spanish-American War veterans) as well as the World War I monument in downtown Naugatuck.



















Soldiers and Sailors Memorial, Danbury

Danbury honors veterans of several wars with a 1931 Memorial on the West Street green.

The Soldiers and Sailors Memorial, near the intersection of West and Division streets, is dedicated to soldiers and sailors who served in the American Revolution, the Civil War, the Spanish-American War, and World War I.

The monument features a bronze group of four soldiers and a sailor standing atop a round granite pillar. A dedication at the monument’s base reads, “Dedicated to the soldiers and sailors of Danbury,” along with years in which the various conflicts started (1776, 1861, 1898, and 1917).

The American Revolution and World War I figures are standing, the Civil War figure and sailor are in kneeling positions, and the Spanish-American war figure is crouched with a rifle at the ready. All of the figures have a variety of personal equipment.

The figures were created by sculptor Donald E. Curran, a Darien resident who won a design competition.

To the east of the Memorial, a granite boulder bears a plaque, dedicated in 1952, that honors Danbury’s World War II veterans.

At the eastern end of the green, a memorial honors president James A. Garfield, a Civil War veteran. The monument was erected in a park on West Wooster Street in 1884 by local philanthropist Edward A. Houseman, and moved to the West Street Green in 1931.

The monument was restored in 1993 after it was struck by a car.

Source: Smithsonian American Art Museum, Art Inventories Catalog

Veterans’ Memorial, New Fairfield

New Fairfield honors veterans of all wars with a monument on the town green.

The New Fairfield Veterans’ Memorial, located on Pembroke Road (Route 37) just north of the intersection with Brush Hill Road (Route 39), was dedicated on September 20, 1997.

The monument features two granite tablets, a flagpole and a dozen markers listing the country’s major wars.

The east tablet bears a dedication reading, “To those who fought and served to preserve our freedom, this plaque is dedicated to your brave and courageous acts.”

The west tablet honors New Fairfield residents who died fighting in wars starting with two militia members killed during the French and Indian War.

Nine residents are listed for the Civil War; one for World War I; three for World War II; two for Korea; and three for Vietnam.

The green also features a ship’s anchor and a number of benches inscribed with the United States seal.

World War Monument, Stepney

Monroe honors World War I veterans from the Stepney section with a monument on the Stepney Green.

The undated monument, near the intersection of Main Street (Route 25) and Pepper Street, stands at the northern end of the green.

A bronze plaque mounted on a boulder bears the dedication, “In grateful recognition of the valor and devotion of the young men of this community who served in the World War for liberty and justice 1918-1919.”

The monument lists the names of 24 residents who served in the conflict, and highlights two who died.

The Stepney Green was used as a militia ground and public gathering space when settlers from North Stratford settled what would eventually become the town of Monroe. In 1817, the green was officially designated as public land.

The construction of the Housatonic Railroad in the 1840s helped the Stepney area flourish as a local retail and manufacturing center.

In 1861, people opposed to the Civil War gathered on the green for peace rally that was broken up by war supporters.

The green’s surroundings include two churches and an historic cemetery established in 1794.