Soldiers’ Monument, Norfolk

Veterans of the Civil War and later conflicts are honored with monuments on the green in Norfolk.

The 1868 Soldiers’ Monument, one of the earliest tributes to Civil War veterans in Connecticut, is a tall granite obelisk similar to monuments in Plymouth, North Branford and other monuments dedicated in the late 1860s.

The Norfolk monument bears a dedication on its western face reading, “To the memory of the soldiers from this town who died for their country in the war of the rebellion.”

The western face also lists the names and dates of death of seven residents killed in the Civil War.

The southern, eastern and northern faces of the monument list each list nine or 10 names and dates of death, in rough alphabetical order.

The Norfolk monument was supplied by William Burdick, an agent of the Westerly, R.I. quarries who also supplied the monument in North Branford.

At the northern end of the green, an undated Honor Roll monument commemorates local veterans who died or served in more recent conflicts.

The monument’s central plaque lists four residents killed in World War II as well as four columns of names honoring those who served. Looking at the names, it’s pretty common to see between three and six members of various families listed on the plaque.

To the left as you face the monument, a plaque lists 51 residents who served in the Korean War (including at least five residents who had previously served in World War II).

The Vietnam plaque on the right side of the Honor Roll lists 77 names, including two who were killed in the war. Another plaque on the monument’s right side honors three residents who served in Operation Desert Storm.

At the south end of the green, a memorial fountain dedicated in 1889 honors Joseph Battell, a local merchant whose family was long active in civil and philanthropic affairs.

The fountain, designed by noted architect Stanford White, features a central column supporting a sphere. Water emerges from three fish near the top of the column as well as a lion’s head on its southern face.

The fountain, with spigots that provide water for horses and for people, is rather unusual in that it’s still serving as a fountain. Most commemorative fountains from that era have long been converted into planters.

Battell’s heirs donated the family home to Yale to serve as the summer home of the university’s music school.

The town’s World War I veterans are honored with a monument at the intersection of Greenwoods Road (Route 44) and North Street (Route 272).

Veterans’ Memorial Park, Ansonia

Ansonia honors veterans lost in the nation’s 20th Century Wars with a collection of monuments near City Hall.

Veterans’ Memorial Park, immediately next to City Hall, features a large granite monument inset with three polished black granite panels. A dedication on the front (west) face of the monument’s central section reads, “This memorial is dedicated by the grateful citizens of the City of Ansonia to preserve and honor the memory of all those brave men and women who served our country so selflessly in time of conflict.”

The northern section of the monument, dedicated in 1999, honors “friends, neighbors and relatives” lost in the two World Wars. The monument lists the names of about 32 World War I heroes and about 70 who were killed in World War II.

The southern panel honors two residents who died in the Korean War and nine who were killed in Vietnam.

At the southern side of the park, a monument erected by the Veterans of Foreign Wars honors all U.S. war veterans.

In front of City Hall, a monument dedicated on Veterans’ Day in 1959 offers similar gratitude for the service of Ansonia’s war veterans, and praises those who made the supreme sacrifice.

Another monument to the south of the veterans’ memorial honors the service of Ansonia’s volunteer firefighters. The firefighter monument was dedicated in 1990.

Ansonia’s World War II, Korea and Vietnam veterans from the Woodbridge Avenue neighborhood are further honored with an honor roll monument that traces its roots back to 1942.

Ansonia’s Civil War veterans are honored with an 1876 monument in the city’s Pine Grove Cemetery.

Kenea Soldiers’ Monument, Wolcott

Wolcott honors veterans of the American Revolution, War of 1812 and the Civil War with a granite monument in a small park in the center of town.

The Kenea Soldier’s Monument, dedicated in 1916, features an infantry soldier standing atop a relatively simple granite monument. A dedication on the monument’s north face reads, “Presented to the town of Wolcott by Leverett Dwight Kenea in memory of the soldiers who fought in the War of the Revolution, the War of 1812 and the Civil War. A.D. 1916.”

The monument’s other faces are free of lettering or ornamentation.

The soldier stands with a rifle in his right hand, an uncommon variation on the two-handed rifle grip usually seen in monuments with infantry figures. Also, the figure’s face appears slightly more mature than the figures seen in other monuments.

The monument was donated to Wolcott by Leverett D. Kenea, a Wolcott native who invested in several successful Thomaston businesses and made a number of philanthropic donations.

The town green is also known as Kenea Park, and Kenea Avenue runs between the green and Town Hall.

The monument, supplied by the Thomas F. Jackson Company of Waterbury (which also supplied the Prospect Soldiers’ Monument) was unveiled during its dedication ceremony by Wolcott’s four surviving Civil War veterans.

At the east end of the green, a granite monument honors veterans of the two World Wars, Korea and Vietnam, as well as recent conflicts in the Persian Gulf. The monument was dedicated in 1982 with support from three civic organizations.

At the western end of the green, a monument honors the service of local veterans in Operation Desert Storm in 1991.

Soldiers’ Monument, Newfane, Vermont

The Village of Newfane, Vermont, honors its war heroes and veterans with several monuments on the town common.

The 1916 Soldiers’ Monument honors veterans of the Civil War and World War I. The monument, near the intersection of Route 30 and Jail Street, features a bronze infantryman standing atop a granite base.

A dedication on the monument’s front (east) face reads, “In memory of the men of Newfane who served their country in the Civil War, 1861 – 1865.”

Immediately below the dedication plaque, another bronze plaque displays a Civil War scene as well as an excerpt from the “Bivouac of the Dead,” a poem by Theodore O’Hara that was used on numerous Civil War monuments and sites.

The north and south sides of the monument’s base feature plaques listing local residents who served in the Civil War.

The monument’s west face bears a plaque listing the names of 34 residents who served in World War I.

The infantry figure was supplied by the WH Mullins Company of Ohio, and the base was supplied by the CH Grant Granite Company.

Not far from the Soldiers’ Monument, a bronze plaque mounted on a granite memorial honors Newfane’s World War II veterans. The plaque lists the names of 90 residents who served in the conflict, and highlights one who was killed.

Also nearby is a monument honoring Newfane’s veterans of the Korean and Vietnam wars. The Korean War section lists 30 residents who served. The Vietnam section honors 38 residents, including one who was killed in action.

Thanks for Mom and Dad for taking the photos.

Source: Smithsonian American Art Museum, Art Inventories Catalog


Veterans’ Memorials, Monroe

Monroe honors the wartime service of its veterans with several monuments near the town green.

Four monuments at the intersection of Fan Hill Road and Route 111 honor veterans of the two world wars, Korea and Vietnam.

Monroe’s World War II monument, dedicated in 1953, is a granite marker with a fluted top. The monument’s north face bears the names of two residents lost in the conflict, and commemorates all residents who served.

A boulder honoring World War I veterans, dedicated in 1931, stands immediately behind the World War II monument. A plaque on the monument’s south face bears the dedication “In grateful recognition of the valor and devotion of the young men of this community who served in the world war for liberty and justice 1914-1919.” The plaque lists 24 names, and indicates that two were killed in the war.

Just south of the World War I boulder, two monuments honor the service of Korean and Vietnam war veterans. The 1984 Vietnam memorial lists one resident lost in the conflict, and the 1985 Korean War memorial lists one resident who was killed and two who were wounded.

A short distance away, a granite flagpole base in front of Monroe’s municipal center further honors the town’s veterans. The monument’s left wing bears a dedication reading, “To all of those veterans from the town of Monroe who served their country: Honor. Hope. Remembrance.  Gratitude. Peace and eternal rest.”

The monument’s right wing lists the nation’s wars and honors those who have made the supreme sacrifice, including one resident lost in the current Iraq conflict.

On the south side of the Monroe green, a 2008 monument commemorates the 1781 encampment of French cavalry forces commanded by the duc de Lauzunon.

War Memorials, Simsbury

Simsbury honors those lost in the nation’s wars with two monuments in the center of town.

The Memorial Gateway at the entrance of Simsbury Cemetery on Hopmeadow Street (Route 10), dedicated in 1923, honors residents killed in the Civil War and World War I. The gateway features two curved fences as well as pillars topped with bronze eagles.

Plaques are mounted within the brick gateway to honor local war heroes. The south plaque, which honors Civil War veterans, bears a dedication reading, “Erected to the memory and honor of those citizens of Simsbury who, by sacrifice and service during the Civil War, helped to maintain the integrity of the Union 1861-1865.”

The north plaque bears a similar dedication to residents who served in World War I.

A large marker just inside the cemetery ground marks the location of the first meeting house in Simsbury, which was erected in 1683 and stood until 1739.

Across the street from the cemetery, a war memorial outside Eno Memorial Hall honors veterans of all wars. A dedication on the monument’s south side reads, “In memory of those from Simsbury who gave their lives in the service of their country. These dead shall not have died in vain.”

The monument lists five residents who were killed in World War I, 17 who died in World War II, two who died in Korea, and three who were lost in Vietnam.

Simsbury’s Civil War veterans are also honored with a monument that will be highlighted in a future post.

Monument Square, Concord, Mass.

Concord, Mass., honors its war heroes with a collection of monuments on the town green.

The first and largest memorial on Monument Square is the 30-foot granite obelisk honoring Concord residents killed in the Civil War.  A dedication plaque on the monument’s west face reads, “The Town of Concord builds this monument in honor of the brave men whose names it bears, and records with grateful pride that they found here a birthplace, home or grave. 1866.”

The east face features a plaque reading “They died for their country in the war of the rebellion,” and lists the names of 32 residents. Among the dead are three members of the Melvin family, who died while serving with the First Mass. Heavy Artillery.

The south face has been inscribed with the dedication, “Faithful unto death,” and the north face bears the years of the Civil War.

The monument was dedicated on April 19, 1867, the 92nd anniversary of fighting at Concord’s North Bridge at the beginning of the American Revolution. The date also marked the anniversary of the departure of Civil War troops from Concord in 1861.

The monument’s foundation contains a large granite block from the abutment of North Bridge.

The Civil War monument was designed by Hammatt Billings, an architect and artist who illustrated the first edition of Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Billings also designed the National Monument to the Forefathers in Plymouth, Mass., as well as the original platform protecting Plymouth Rock.

At the green’s south end, a large boulder features a plaque honoring 25 residents who died in World War I. The plaque also includes poetry verses writted by Concord resident Ralph Waldo Emerson.

At the north end of the green, a plaque affixed to a boulder honors three residents who were killed in the Spanish-American War.

Southwest of the green, a small plaza has three memorials commemorating  those lost in more recent conflicts. The central monument honors the 25 residents lost in World War II. The monument on the left honors three residents killed in Korea and one lost in Iraq. The right monument honors five killed in Vietnam and one who died in the U.S. occupation of the Dominican Republic in 1965-66.

Soldiers’ Monument, Southington

Southington’s Civil War veterans are honored with an 1880 monument in the center of the town green.

The granite Soldiers’ Monument depicts a clean-shaven Civil War soldier standing with a rifle. A relatively simple dedication on the front (east) face reads, “The defenders of our Union. 1861-1865.”

The east face also features an intricate carving of the Connecticut and United States shields and a raised ribbon with the state motto. The monument’s other faces do not bear any inscriptions.

While the monument has comparatively little lettering, it has a number of decorative elements not commonly seen on Civil War monuments, such as the four blue granite columns at each corner and the ornamental gables just below the soldier’s feet.

The monument was created by Charles Conrads, the principal sculptor for James Batterson’s New England Granite Works. Batterson’s firm supplied many Civil War monuments in Connecticut.

North of the green, which was laid out in 1876, a memorial flagpole dedicated after World War I honors veterans of that and the nation’s earlier wars. On the east and north faces of the flagpole’s base, bronze tablets list veterans of World War I (in four columns on each tablet).

On the west side, a tablet has four columns listing Southington’s Civil War veterans. On the south side, veterans of the American Revolution, the War of 1812, the Mexican War, and the Spanish-American War are honored.

South of the Civil War monument, a collection of memorials honors veterans of World War II, Korea, Vietnam and the ongoing fight against terrorism. The central granite tablet bears a dedication inscribed below a carved eagle. The left two memorials feature bronze tablets listing World War II veterans in 10 long columns of names, and honoring 33 residents who were killed in the conflict.

The two memorials on the right honor veterans of World War II, Korea and Vietnam. The Korean War memorial list veterans in six columns and honors one who was killed. The Vietnam memorial also has six columns of names and honors 10 who were killed.

War Monument, Berlin

Berlin honors local war veterans with a collection of memorials on Worthington Ridge.

The monument site is dominated by a 1920 obelisk topped by a large eagle. A dedication on the east side of the obelisk’s base reads, “Erected by the town of Berlin in honor of her patriotic men and women who served their country in time of war. For the dead, a tribute. For the living, a memory. For posterity, an emblem of loyalty to the flag of their country.”

The other three sides of the monument have simple plaques listing a war and the dates in which it was fought. The north side honors World War I, the west side honors the Spanish-American War and the south side honors the Civil War.

Behind the obelisk is a curved brick pergola that features four monuments honoring veterans of the two World Wars, Korea and Vietnam.

World War I veterans are honored with a two-sided memorial at the south end of the pergola. Both sides bear two columns of names listing residents who served in the war. The west face of the World War monument honors five residents killed in the conflict, including one who died in Red Cross service. The west face also honors four nurses and five members of the Students’ Army Training Corps (SATC), the forerunner of today’s ROTC.

World War II veterans are honored with a similar two-sided tablet, each with four columns of names. The east face bears a dedication and honors 22 veterans killed in the conflict.

Veterans of the Korean and Vietnam wars are honored with single-sided tablets. The Korean War memorial has two columns of residents listed, and honors one resident killed in action. The Vietnam memorial, which has four columns of names, honors three residents killed in action and one who was reported missing.

A military cannon facing west has been mounted in the central section of the pergola, between the World War II and Korean War memorials.

A granite marker installed in front of the obelisk honors 21 residents who served in Operation Desert Storm in 1991. Granite planters in the front of the monument site honor the branches of the military.

The monument stands in a triangular area at the intersection where Farmington Avenue  and Wildem Road meet Worthington Ridge.

Berlin’s Civil War veterans are honored with brownstone monuments in East Berlin and the town’s Kensington section. The Kensington monument, dedicated in 1863, may well be the first Civil War monument erected in the United States.

Veterans Memorials, Shelton

Shelton veterans killed in the 20th Century’s four major wars are honored with large granite monuments near the downtown riverfront walkway.

The site honors veterans with four large polished-granite slabs commemorating Vietnam, Korea, World War II and World War I. Each slab bears a brief dedication to the war as well as an historic image on its front (west) face, and the names residents who were killed in the conflict are engraved on the monument’s east face.

The Vietnam memorial bears the dedication “A Victory Denied,” and right names. The Korean war memorial reads “The Forgotten War,” and bears three names.

The World War II memorial reads “Freedom is Not Free,” and bears 31 names. (The east face of the World War II memorial is pictured below). The World War I slab bears the dedication, “The War to End All Ears,” and 17 names.

Six Shelton residents who were killed in overseas conflicts are also honored in the city’s Riverside Cemetery, about about 1.5 miles south of the downtown memorial. Five headstones honor World War I heroes who were buried in France, and another headstone honors a Korean War hero buried in that country.

Nearby monuments honor the service of local firemen and police officers.

Shelton also honors its war heroes with a building in nearby Riverview Park, as well as with monuments in front of City Hall and the Plumb Memorial Library. Those monuments will be highlighted in future posts.

A municipal committee is also planning to erect a Civil War monument. During the Civil War, Shelton was known as Huntington, and its veterans were honored on the Civil War monument on the Derby Green.