Category Archives: War of 1812

War Memorials, Stony Creek

War Memorials, Stony CreekWar veterans from the Stony Creek section of Branford are honored with monuments on a small green.

The green, at the intersections of Halls Point, Sachem and Thimble Islands roads, features three monuments made from the pink granite for which Stony Creek is well known.

The central monument features three Honor Roll plaques on its north face. The oldes of the plaques lists the names of 36 World War I veterans and bears a dedication reading, “A tribute to the valor of the men of Stony Creek who entered the service of their country to fight in the great war for world-wide liberty 1917-1919.”

War Memorials, Stony CreekThe World War I memorial is flanked by a plaque listing 26 American Revolution veterans and four veterans of the War of 1812, as well as a plaque listing 10 Civil War veterans and six veterans of the 1991 Persian Gulf War.

An undated pink granite Honor Roll monument to the east of the World War I memorial lists two columns of names of local World War II veterans.

A pink granite monument to the west of the World War I monument, dedicated in 1976, honors veterans of Korea and Vietnam.

Isaac Lewis Fountain

War Memorials, Stony CreekA short distance from the war monuments, a memorial fountain honors industrialist and part-time Stony Creek resident Isaac C. Lewis.

The fountain, at the three-way intersection of Indian Point, Thimble Islands and Three Elms roads, features a dedication on its east face reading, “In loving memory of Isaac C. Lewis of Meriden, Conn. The gift of his daughter, Kate A.L. Chapin.”

Isaac Lewis founded a Meriden company that manufactured plated tableware, represented Meriden in the state legislature and served as the city’s mayor.

His Stony Creek house, which stands today, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1997.

 

 

 

War Memorials, Stony Creek

War Memorials, Stony Creek

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Memorial Fountain, Stony Creek

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Memorial Fountain, Stony Creek

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Memorial Fountain, Stony Creek

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

War Memorials, Ellington

War Memorials, EllingtonEllington honors its veterans and war heroes with a pair of monuments on the town green.

Veterans of World War I and earlier conflicts are honored with a granite monument, dedicated in 1926, near the intersection of Maple Street (Route 140) and Main Street (Route 286).

A bronze marker on the monument’s east face bears the inscription, “Ellington Remembers,” and includes seals of Connecticut, the United States and the town.

The plaque’s east face lists residents who served in the American Revolution and World War I, and highlights three residents who died during their World War I service.

The west face of the monument also bears the seals seen on the east face. A bronze plaque lists Ellington residents who served in Colonial era wars in 1675 and 1763, the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War in 1846, the Civil War (referred to as the “War of the Rebellion”), and the Spanish-American War.

War Memorials, EllingtonThe Civil War section includes the names of nearly 150 residents who served.

Immediately to the west of the memorial, a monument honors Ellington’s veterans of later wars. An inscription on the monument’s east face reads, “In memory of those who served their country. World War II, Korea, Vietnam, Grenada, Lebenon [sic], Panama, Desert Storm, Desert Shield.”

Further west on the green, a symbolic Liberty Pole was erected in 1975. Liberty Poles were used before the American Revolution as gathering spots and to invite people to take part in discussions or protests. In many communities, patriots would display a banner on a pole to summon residents.

A small granite marker near the Liberty Pole marks the location of Ellington’s first meetinghouse, which was built in 1739.

War Memorials, Ellington

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

War Memorials, Ellington

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

War Memorials, Ellington

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

War Memorials, Ellington

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liberty Pole, Ellington

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liberty Pole, Ellington

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liberty Pole, Ellington

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liberty Pole, Ellington

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wayside Cross, New Canaan

Wayside Cross, New CanaanNew Canaan honors its war heroes with a large Celtic cross on an historic green.

The Wayside Cross, at the intersection of Main and Park streets, stands on a corner of the triangular green, surrounded by three churches, known as “God’s Acre.”

The Wayside Cross, dedicated in 1923, features allegorical scenes representing the American Revolution, War of 1812, Civil War, Spanish-American War and World War I.

A dedication on the front (east) face of the monument’s face reads, “Dedicated to the glory of Almighty God in memory of the New Canaan men and women who, by their unselfish patriotism, have advanced the American ideals of liberty and the brotherhood of man.”

Wayside Cross, New CanaanThe other sides of the monument’s base are inscribed with “service,” “sacrifice” and “loyalty.”

A 1981 plaque mounted in front of the monument’s base lists 36 honored dead from World War II and six residents who died in Vietnam.

 

 

 

 

Wayside Cross, New Canaan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wayside Cross, New Canaan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wayside Cross, New Canaan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wayside Cross, New Canaan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

War Memorial, Eastford

Eastford honors its war veterans with a monument on the green in front of its public library.

The monument, a granite block with bronze plaques, stands at the intersections of Eastford Road (Route 198) with Westford and Old Colony roads.

The monument’s south face features a bronze Honor Roll plaque listing about 63 names of World War II veterans. The monument indicates the three Eastford residents killed in the war.

On the monument’s north face, the upper plaque reads, “In memory of Eastford men who served: Six or more in the American Revolution, two in the War of 1812, two in the Mexican War, one in the Spanish-American War and Gen. Nathaniel Lyon and those 89 comrades of the Civil War. Let those who shall come after see that these men shall not be forgotten.”

The lower Honor  Roll plaque lists 19 residents who served in World War I.

The monument is undated, but the “World War” reference probably indicates it was originally dedicated in the 1920s or 30s.

Gen. Nathaniel Lyon, the first Union general killed in the Civil War, is buried in Eastford’s General Lyon Cemetery.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Veterans’ Memorial, Farmington

The Veterans’ Memorial in Farmington provides an unusually comprehensive tribute to local residents who participated in wars and skirmishes.

The 1992 monument, in front of Town Hall and near the intersection of Farmington Avenue (Route 4) and Monteith Drive, features five granite columns inscribed with the names of residents who died while serving the nation.

The monument’s front (northwest) face bears the simple inscription “Duty, Honor, Country” and five service branch emblems.

The monument’s columns also list military conflicts starting with early battles including the English settlers’ fights with the Pequots in the 1630s, the French and Indian Wars and the 1712 Defense of Litchfield.

More recent conflicts listed on the monuments include peacekeeping in Lebanon (1982-4), the Grenada invasion in 1983 and Operation Desert Storm in 1990-91).

Looking at major conflicts more typically cited on municipal war memorials, the Farmington monument lists the names of 11 residents killed or wounded in the American Revolution; 63 in the Civil War; eight in World War I; 18 in World War II; and five in Vietnam.

The monument’s southeast face repeats the service emblems, but is otherwise unlettered.

A tree in front of the Veterans’ Memorial is a descendent of Hartford’s Charter Oak.

Farmington’s Civil War, World War I, World War II and Vietnam heroes are also honored with monuments in the town’s Riverside Cemetery.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Veterans’ Memorial, New Fairfield

New Fairfield honors veterans of all wars with a monument on the town green.

The New Fairfield Veterans’ Memorial, located on Pembroke Road (Route 37) just north of the intersection with Brush Hill Road (Route 39), was dedicated on September 20, 1997.

The monument features two granite tablets, a flagpole and a dozen markers listing the country’s major wars.

The east tablet bears a dedication reading, “To those who fought and served to preserve our freedom, this plaque is dedicated to your brave and courageous acts.”

The west tablet honors New Fairfield residents who died fighting in wars starting with two militia members killed during the French and Indian War.

Nine residents are listed for the Civil War; one for World War I; three for World War II; two for Korea; and three for Vietnam.

The green also features a ship’s anchor and a number of benches inscribed with the United States seal.


War Memorial, East Hampton

East Hampton honors veterans of World War I and earlier conflicts with plaques on a boulder in its historic village center.

The undated war memorial, at the intersection of Main Street and Summit Street (Route 196), honors veterans of World War I, the Spanish-American War, the Civil War, the War of 1812 and the American Revolution with plaques mounted on a large boulder.

The south face of the monument bears a plaque with a dedication reading, “In honor of East Hampton men and women who served their country in the World War 1917-1918.”

Below the dedication, the plaque lists about 141 names, and indicates four who were killed in the war.

On the monument’s west face, a plaque honoring Civil War veterans bears a dedication reading, “To perpetuate the memory of the men from this township in the Civil War 1861-1865 fought to preserve the Union.”

The plaque further lists about 109 residents who served in the war.

The monument’s north face honors a dozen residents who served in the Spanish-American War.

The east face of the monument honors veterans of the American Revolution and the War of 1812 with a plaque reading, “To the memory of the patriot men of Chatham who bravely bore their part in the War of the American Revolution and the War of 1812 to establish firmly the foundations of our republic and to preserve the liberties which we have inherited.”

The reference to Chatham reflects East Hampton’s former name. The town separated from Middletown in 1767, and was known as Chatham from then until it adopted the East Hampton name in 1915.

The fact that the Civil War and Spanish-American War plaques refer to “this township” probably reflects the name change in the intervening years.

The monument stands in East Hampton’s Belltown Historic District, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

East Hampton was a leading center for the manufacture of bells during the 19th Century and the early 20th. According to the 1860 census, nearly half of East Hampton’s 1,766 residents, many of whom were Irish immigrants, worked for one of the town’s 30 bell factories.

War Memorials, Lebanon

Lebanon honors its war veterans with several monuments on the green near the intersection of Exeter Road (Route 207) and Norwich-Hartford Turnpike (Route 87).

Near the northern end of the green, in front of Town Hall, is a 1922 monument honoring veterans of five wars between the American Revolution and the First World War.

The monument features a stone cairn, serving as a flagpole base, with bronze plaques on the cairn’s four sides honoring local veterans.

The north face of the monument features a plaque with a scene depicting soldiers from the American Revolution, Civil War and World War I marching together under an American flag.

The west face of the monument bears a plaque honoring those who served during the “Period of the World War” (the reference to war “periods” is uncommon among the state’s war memorials).

The plaque reads, “In commemoration of the boys who served in the World War. Not unmindful of their heritage, the mantle of their forefathers fell upon patriotic shoulders. They acquitted themselves with honor and loyalty, cheerfully accepting the sacrifices placed upon them in performance of their duty on land and sea. With no selfish end, they served that the principle of right might be established throughout the world.”

The south face of the monument bears a plaque that, along with the years of the Civil War, includes a dedication “…to the memory of our Civil War veterans, who so promptly and willingly responded to the nation’s call, serving in eleven different regiments and participating in over a hundred different battles; and to our illustrious and renowned second war governor, William Buckingham, who was born and spent his early life in Lebanon. He performed efficient service in the nation’s peril, and was a worthy successor of Connecticut’s first war governor.”

The lower section of the south plaque also commemorates veterans of the 1898 Spanish-American War with a dedication reading, “In honor of those who served in the Spanish War, assisting an oppressed people to achieve their independence.”

The east face honors Lebanon’s many contributions to the American Revolution as well as the War of 1812. The dedication in the American Revolution section reads, “In memoriam to our fathers who fought for justice and liberty.

“When the war broke out, this town contributed the one loyal governor, brother Jonathan Trumbull, who among all the governors of the thirteen colonies, was the only one who stood staunch and true to the American cause. Washington relied on him in the most trying circumstances.

“William Williams, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, was born in Lebanon, the home of the Council of Safety.

“We take a just pride in the noble achievements of our men who served in the Revolution. They were eminently God-fearing and true patriots.”

The east face also has a dedication honoring veterans of the War of 1812: “Revered is the memory of those who participated in the War of 1812, who with honor and loyalty fulfilled the trust dedicated to them by their forefathers.”

The plaques were designed by sculptor Bruce Wilder Saville, whose other works included war memorials in Massachusetts, New York and Ohio. The monument was built by a local mason.

Nearby Monuments

An undated memorial near the northeast corner of the green honors Lebanon’s veterans of the two World Wars. The World War I section lists 40 names and honors one resident who was killed. The World War II section lists about 135 names and honors seven who were killed.

A 2002 memorial near the northwest corner of the green honors veterans of recent conflicts including Korea, Vietnam, Lebanon, Granada, Panama, Persian Gulf, Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia and Afghanistan.

Veterans’ Memorial, Suffield

Suffield honors its veterans with a five-sided granite monument incorporating plaques from an earlier memorial.

The 2003 monument in Veterans’ Park, near the intersection of Main Street (Route 75) and Bridge Street, honors Suffield veterans from wars ranging from the French and Indian Wars through the conflicts in the Persian Gulf.

The monument, topped by a large bronze eagle facing east, features a dedication reading, “In honor of the men and women of Suffield who served in our armed forces in the time of war.”

The monument also features two bronze Honor Roll plaques that appear to have been part of a 1920 memorial honoring veterans of earlier wars.

The plaques list veterans of the French and Indian War, American Revolution, War of 1918, Mexican War, Civil War Spanish-American War, and World War I.

The granite sections honor veterans of World War II, Korean, Vietnam, and the Persian Gulf.

A plaque on a nearby boulder explains that Veterans’ Park was dedicated in 1983 to honor Suffield residents who served in Vietnam.

Soldiers’ Monument, Barkhamsted

Barkhamsted honors its Civil War veterans with a granite obelisk that also commemorates the service of residents in later wars.

The Soldier’s Monument, located near the intersection of Pleasant Valley Road (Route 318) and Beach Rock Road, was first dedicated in 1897 to honor veterans of the American Revolution, War of 1812, Mexican War and the Civil War.

In recent years, bronze plaques attached to the monument’s base honor veterans of the Spanish-American War, the two World Wars, Korea and Vietnam.

A dedication on the monument’s front (north) face reads, “The tribute of the people of Barkhamsted to the memory of her sons and daughters who fought to establish, defend and preserve the nation, erected 1897.”

The north face also bears a decorative trophy with two crossed rifles in front of a wreath, and a plaque attached to the north base honors veterans of World War II and Korea.

The west face has a plaque honoring Barkhamsted’s American Revolution veterans, and the base honors Korea and Vietnam veterans.

The south face commemorates residents who served in the Wars of 1812 and Mexico, and the base has a plaque (probably from 1939) listing names omitted from the 1897 plaques.

The east face honors veterans of the Civil War, called the War of the Rebellion. The base honors Spanish-American War veterans as well as residents who served in World War I.

The monument was donated by Walter S. Carter, a Barkhamsted native who headed a New York law firm. Carter had previously practiced in Milwaukee and Chicago, where his firm was destroyed in the fire of 1871.

In addition to the monument, Carter donated land and money to establish a cemetery in Barkhamsted.

The monument, like many of the graves in Center Cemetery to the south of the monument, was originally in the Barkhamsted Hollow section of town. The hollow was flooded in the 1930s when Saville Dam was built to create Barkhamsted Reservoir, which contributes to Hartford’s water supply.

Two Barkhamsted cemeteries and the monument were relocated in 1939 and Center Cemetery was established. A section at the southern end of the cemetery honors residents whose remains could not be identified when they were moved.

To the east of the Soldiers’ Monument, the bell from the former Hollow Church has been mounted on large granite blocks that originally formed part of the Saville Dam spillway.

More details about the flooding of Barkhamsted Hollow are available in an article from CT Explored magazine.