War Memorial, Hinsdale, Mass.

War Memorial, Hinsdale, Mass.Hinsdale, Massachusetts, honors its war veterans with a memorial outside the town’s library.

The monument, near the intersection of South Street (Route 8) and Maple Street (Route 143), was dedicated in 1923 and features a Civil War cannon.

A dedication plaque on the northeast face of the monument’s base reads, “This memorial was erected by the Town of Hinsdale and dedicated May 30, 1923. The Civil War tablet and the cannon and balls used in the Civil War, are the gift of Francis E. Warren, soldier and statesman, United States Senator from Wyoming, a native of Hinsdale, award [the] Medal of Honor as follows; ‘Volunteered in response to a call and took part in the movement that was made upon the enemy’s work under a heavy fire therefrom in advance of the general assault.’”

War Memorial, Hinsdale, Mass.A plaque on the southwest face lists Hinsdale’s World War II veterans in four columns.

A plaque on the northwest face honors veterans of the American Revolution, Spanish-American War, World War I, and fighting along the Mexican border in 1916.

A plaque on the southeast face honors Hinsdale’s Civil War veterans.

The cannon was used in the siege and battle of Port Hudson, Louisiana. Warren, who also served as governor of Wyoming, was honored for his actions during that battle and donated the cannon to Hinsdale. A U.S. Air Force missile base in Wyoming is named after Warren.

War Memorial, Hinsdale, Mass.The cannon’s carriage was replaced during a restoration of the monument in 2006.

Thanks to Mom and Dad for the images in this post. 







War Memorial, Hinsdale, Mass.










War Memorials, Cornwall

War Memorials, CornwallThe Cornwall green features monuments honoring the town’s war veterans and a 1989 tornado.

Two granite monuments at the eastern edge of the green, near the corner of Pine Street and Bolton Hill Road, honor veterans of the nation’s 20th Century wars.

The southern monument features bronze Honor Roll plaques listing Cornwall’s World War veterans. The World War I plaque lists about 38 names.

The World War II Honor Roll lists about 110 names, and highlights seven Cornwall residents who died during their World War II service.

War Memorials, CornwallNext to the World Wars memorial, a monument honors Cornwall’s veterans of Korea and Vietnam. The Korea plaque lists about 35 local veterans, and the Vietnam plaque lists about 50 names.

A few steps south of the war memorials, a plaque under a large oak tree proclaims the tree to be a descendent of Hartford’s Charter Oak.

At the western edge of the green, a memorial plaque near a young tree honors “the people and the community spirit that helped Cornwall recover from the July 10, 1989 tornado.” The plaque also lists civic leaders in 1989.

The tornado, one of several to strike Connecticut that day, largely destroyed the old-growth Cathedral Pines forest in Cornwall.

A marker in front of St. Peter’s Lutheran Church, near the western edge of the green, designates the location of the Foreign Mission School, which attempted to educate Native American and international missionary students between 1819 and 1826.

World War I Honor Roll, Cornwall








World War II Honor Roll, Cornwall








Korea and Vietnam Honor Rolls, Cornwall








Charter Oak Marker, Cornwall








Charter Oak Scion, Cornwall









Tornado Commemoration Tree, Cornwall











Tornado Commemoration Tree Marker, Cornwall









War Memorials, Ellington

War Memorials, EllingtonEllington honors its veterans and war heroes with a pair of monuments on the town green.

Veterans of World War I and earlier conflicts are honored with a granite monument, dedicated in 1926, near the intersection of Maple Street (Route 140) and Main Street (Route 286).

A bronze marker on the monument’s east face bears the inscription, “Ellington Remembers,” and includes seals of Connecticut, the United States and the town.

The plaque’s east face lists residents who served in the American Revolution and World War I, and highlights three residents who died during their World War I service.

The west face of the monument also bears the seals seen on the east face. A bronze plaque lists Ellington residents who served in Colonial era wars in 1675 and 1763, the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War in 1846, the Civil War (referred to as the “War of the Rebellion”), and the Spanish-American War.

War Memorials, EllingtonThe Civil War section includes the names of nearly 150 residents who served.

Immediately to the west of the memorial, a monument honors Ellington’s veterans of later wars. An inscription on the monument’s east face reads, “In memory of those who served their country. World War II, Korea, Vietnam, Grenada, Lebenon [sic], Panama, Desert Storm, Desert Shield.”

Further west on the green, a symbolic Liberty Pole was erected in 1975. Liberty Poles were used before the American Revolution as gathering spots and to invite people to take part in discussions or protests. In many communities, patriots would display a banner on a pole to summon residents.

A small granite marker near the Liberty Pole marks the location of Ellington’s first meetinghouse, which was built in 1739.

War Memorials, Ellington








War Memorials, Ellington








War Memorials, Ellington








War Memorials, Ellington








Liberty Pole, Ellington











Liberty Pole, Ellington








Liberty Pole, Ellington








Liberty Pole, Ellington










War Memorial, Eastford

Eastford honors its war veterans with a monument on the green in front of its public library.

The monument, a granite block with bronze plaques, stands at the intersections of Eastford Road (Route 198) with Westford and Old Colony roads.

The monument’s south face features a bronze Honor Roll plaque listing about 63 names of World War II veterans. The monument indicates the three Eastford residents killed in the war.

On the monument’s north face, the upper plaque reads, “In memory of Eastford men who served: Six or more in the American Revolution, two in the War of 1812, two in the Mexican War, one in the Spanish-American War and Gen. Nathaniel Lyon and those 89 comrades of the Civil War. Let those who shall come after see that these men shall not be forgotten.”

The lower Honor  Roll plaque lists 19 residents who served in World War I.

The monument is undated, but the “World War” reference probably indicates it was originally dedicated in the 1920s or 30s.

Gen. Nathaniel Lyon, the first Union general killed in the Civil War, is buried in Eastford’s General Lyon Cemetery.



























Veterans’ Memorial, Farmington

The Veterans’ Memorial in Farmington provides an unusually comprehensive tribute to local residents who participated in wars and skirmishes.

The 1992 monument, in front of Town Hall and near the intersection of Farmington Avenue (Route 4) and Monteith Drive, features five granite columns inscribed with the names of residents who died while serving the nation.

The monument’s front (northwest) face bears the simple inscription “Duty, Honor, Country” and five service branch emblems.

The monument’s columns also list military conflicts starting with early battles including the English settlers’ fights with the Pequots in the 1630s, the French and Indian Wars and the 1712 Defense of Litchfield.

More recent conflicts listed on the monuments include peacekeeping in Lebanon (1982-4), the Grenada invasion in 1983 and Operation Desert Storm in 1990-91).

Looking at major conflicts more typically cited on municipal war memorials, the Farmington monument lists the names of 11 residents killed or wounded in the American Revolution; 63 in the Civil War; eight in World War I; 18 in World War II; and five in Vietnam.

The monument’s southeast face repeats the service emblems, but is otherwise unlettered.

A tree in front of the Veterans’ Memorial is a descendent of Hartford’s Charter Oak.

Farmington’s Civil War, World War I, World War II and Vietnam heroes are also honored with monuments in the town’s Riverside Cemetery.
















Soldiers and Sailors Memorial, Danbury

Danbury honors veterans of several wars with a 1931 Memorial on the West Street green.

The Soldiers and Sailors Memorial, near the intersection of West and Division streets, is dedicated to soldiers and sailors who served in the American Revolution, the Civil War, the Spanish-American War, and World War I.

The monument features a bronze group of four soldiers and a sailor standing atop a round granite pillar. A dedication at the monument’s base reads, “Dedicated to the soldiers and sailors of Danbury,” along with years in which the various conflicts started (1776, 1861, 1898, and 1917).

The American Revolution and World War I figures are standing, the Civil War figure and sailor are in kneeling positions, and the Spanish-American war figure is crouched with a rifle at the ready. All of the figures have a variety of personal equipment.

The figures were created by sculptor Donald E. Curran, a Darien resident who won a design competition.

To the east of the Memorial, a granite boulder bears a plaque, dedicated in 1952, that honors Danbury’s World War II veterans.

At the eastern end of the green, a memorial honors president James A. Garfield, a Civil War veteran. The monument was erected in a park on West Wooster Street in 1884 by local philanthropist Edward A. Houseman, and moved to the West Street Green in 1931.

The monument was restored in 1993 after it was struck by a car.

Source: Smithsonian American Art Museum, Art Inventories Catalog

Veterans’ Memorial, New Fairfield

New Fairfield honors veterans of all wars with a monument on the town green.

The New Fairfield Veterans’ Memorial, located on Pembroke Road (Route 37) just north of the intersection with Brush Hill Road (Route 39), was dedicated on September 20, 1997.

The monument features two granite tablets, a flagpole and a dozen markers listing the country’s major wars.

The east tablet bears a dedication reading, “To those who fought and served to preserve our freedom, this plaque is dedicated to your brave and courageous acts.”

The west tablet honors New Fairfield residents who died fighting in wars starting with two militia members killed during the French and Indian War.

Nine residents are listed for the Civil War; one for World War I; three for World War II; two for Korea; and three for Vietnam.

The green also features a ship’s anchor and a number of benches inscribed with the United States seal.

War Memorial, East Hampton

East Hampton honors veterans of World War I and earlier conflicts with plaques on a boulder in its historic village center.

The undated war memorial, at the intersection of Main Street and Summit Street (Route 196), honors veterans of World War I, the Spanish-American War, the Civil War, the War of 1812 and the American Revolution with plaques mounted on a large boulder.

The south face of the monument bears a plaque with a dedication reading, “In honor of East Hampton men and women who served their country in the World War 1917-1918.”

Below the dedication, the plaque lists about 141 names, and indicates four who were killed in the war.

On the monument’s west face, a plaque honoring Civil War veterans bears a dedication reading, “To perpetuate the memory of the men from this township in the Civil War 1861-1865 fought to preserve the Union.”

The plaque further lists about 109 residents who served in the war.

The monument’s north face honors a dozen residents who served in the Spanish-American War.

The east face of the monument honors veterans of the American Revolution and the War of 1812 with a plaque reading, “To the memory of the patriot men of Chatham who bravely bore their part in the War of the American Revolution and the War of 1812 to establish firmly the foundations of our republic and to preserve the liberties which we have inherited.”

The reference to Chatham reflects East Hampton’s former name. The town separated from Middletown in 1767, and was known as Chatham from then until it adopted the East Hampton name in 1915.

The fact that the Civil War and Spanish-American War plaques refer to “this township” probably reflects the name change in the intervening years.

The monument stands in East Hampton’s Belltown Historic District, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

East Hampton was a leading center for the manufacture of bells during the 19th Century and the early 20th. According to the 1860 census, nearly half of East Hampton’s 1,766 residents, many of whom were Irish immigrants, worked for one of the town’s 30 bell factories.

War Memorials, Lebanon

Lebanon honors its war veterans with several monuments on the green near the intersection of Exeter Road (Route 207) and Norwich-Hartford Turnpike (Route 87).

Near the northern end of the green, in front of Town Hall, is a 1922 monument honoring veterans of five wars between the American Revolution and the First World War.

The monument features a stone cairn, serving as a flagpole base, with bronze plaques on the cairn’s four sides honoring local veterans.

The north face of the monument features a plaque with a scene depicting soldiers from the American Revolution, Civil War and World War I marching together under an American flag.

The west face of the monument bears a plaque honoring those who served during the “Period of the World War” (the reference to war “periods” is uncommon among the state’s war memorials).

The plaque reads, “In commemoration of the boys who served in the World War. Not unmindful of their heritage, the mantle of their forefathers fell upon patriotic shoulders. They acquitted themselves with honor and loyalty, cheerfully accepting the sacrifices placed upon them in performance of their duty on land and sea. With no selfish end, they served that the principle of right might be established throughout the world.”

The south face of the monument bears a plaque that, along with the years of the Civil War, includes a dedication “…to the memory of our Civil War veterans, who so promptly and willingly responded to the nation’s call, serving in eleven different regiments and participating in over a hundred different battles; and to our illustrious and renowned second war governor, William Buckingham, who was born and spent his early life in Lebanon. He performed efficient service in the nation’s peril, and was a worthy successor of Connecticut’s first war governor.”

The lower section of the south plaque also commemorates veterans of the 1898 Spanish-American War with a dedication reading, “In honor of those who served in the Spanish War, assisting an oppressed people to achieve their independence.”

The east face honors Lebanon’s many contributions to the American Revolution as well as the War of 1812. The dedication in the American Revolution section reads, “In memoriam to our fathers who fought for justice and liberty.

“When the war broke out, this town contributed the one loyal governor, brother Jonathan Trumbull, who among all the governors of the thirteen colonies, was the only one who stood staunch and true to the American cause. Washington relied on him in the most trying circumstances.

“William Williams, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, was born in Lebanon, the home of the Council of Safety.

“We take a just pride in the noble achievements of our men who served in the Revolution. They were eminently God-fearing and true patriots.”

The east face also has a dedication honoring veterans of the War of 1812: “Revered is the memory of those who participated in the War of 1812, who with honor and loyalty fulfilled the trust dedicated to them by their forefathers.”

The plaques were designed by sculptor Bruce Wilder Saville, whose other works included war memorials in Massachusetts, New York and Ohio. The monument was built by a local mason.

Nearby Monuments

An undated memorial near the northeast corner of the green honors Lebanon’s veterans of the two World Wars. The World War I section lists 40 names and honors one resident who was killed. The World War II section lists about 135 names and honors seven who were killed.

A 2002 memorial near the northwest corner of the green honors veterans of recent conflicts including Korea, Vietnam, Lebanon, Granada, Panama, Persian Gulf, Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia and Afghanistan.

Spanish-American War Monument, New Haven

New Haven honors veterans of the Spanish-American and Philippine–American wars with a statue of a Marine.

The Spanish-American War Monument in Edgewood Park was dedicated in 1926 to honor veterans of that war, the 1902 Philippine Insurrection and 1901-2 China Relief Expedition.

The monument depicts a Marine wearing a floppy hat and charging with a rifle. A dedication plaque on the front (northeast) side of the monument’s base was stolen in the 1970s.

The southeast side of the base bears the years 1898-1902 to honor the various conflicts the monument commemorates.

The statue was created by sculptor Michel Martino, whose other works include several statues in New Haven and a Spanish-American War memorial in New Britain.

The monument was restored in 2008 as part of a New Haven initiative to clean and repair its public memorials.

The marine figure, like many memorials to the Spanish-American War, was cast from metal recovered from the USS Maine. Plaques cast from the Maine can be seen in Naugatuck, Meriden, Bridgeport and other Connecticut towns.

Source: Smithsonian American Art Museum, Art Inventories Catalog